Photos from Bikes and Transit on Flickr.


Papers and Studies

  • Bike-Transit Integration in North America,” Journal of Public Transportation, Vol. 12, No. 3, 2009, pp. 79-104 (with Ralph Buehler). Download PDF.

Bicycling Access and Egress to Transit: Informing the Possibilities, by Mineta Transportation Institute. Download PDF. Via BikePortland, their summary:

Researchers analyzed existing practices and oversaw focus groups in five communities; Boulder/Denver, Colorado; Chicago, Illinois; Ithaca, New York; Portland, Oregon; and Santa Clara County, California.

Specifically, they broke down bike/transit integration approaches to four methods:

  1. “Bike on transit” (transporting the owner’s bicycle aboard – inside or outside – the transit vehicle),
  2. “Bike to transit” (using and parking the owner’s bicycle at a transit access location),
  3. “Shared bike” (sharing a bicycle, which would be based at either the transit access or egress point),
  4. “Two bikes” (using an owner’s two bicycles at the access and egress location).

In terms of cost-effectiveness, the study found that “bikes on transit” ranked best overall.